Are you visiting Rome ? We have prepared a list of the most famous Rome landmarks for you!
Rome is the capital of Italy as well as the largest and most populous city in the country. It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian peninsula, on the Tiber river. Rome’s history as a city spans over two and a half thousand years, as one of the founding cities of Western Civilization, thus there is a large number of ancient monuments, landmarks and historical buildings.
Below you will find a list of the most famous landmarks of the city of Rome. Enjoy 🙂
List of the most famous Rome Landmarks
Colosseum is the largest amphitheatre ever built in the Roman Empire. Its construction started between 70 and 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD. Originally capable of seating around 80,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. It is probably the most famous tourist attraction in Rome with thousands of visitors each year. There is also a museum dedicated to Eros located in the upper floor of the outer wall of the building.
Vatican City is a landlocked sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome. It is a non-hereditary, elected monarchy that is ruled by the Bishop of Rome – the Pope.
The Saint Peter’s Square is located directly in front of St. Peter’s Basilica. The open space which lies before the basilica was redesigned by Gian Lorenzo Bernini from 1656 to 1667, under the direction of Pope Alexander VII. At the center of the square stands an Egyptian obelisk of red granite, 25.5 meters tall, supported on bronze lions and surmounted by the Chigi arms in bronze, in all 41 meters to the cross on its top. The Saint Pete’s Basilica occupies a “unique position” as one of the holiest sites and as “the greatest of all churches of Christendom”.
Although the Vatican basilica is neither the Pope’s official seat or first in rank among the great basilicas, (St. John Lateran) it is most certainly his principal church, as most Papal ceremonies take place at St. Peter’s due to its size, proximity to the Papal residence, and location within the Vatican City walls.
Roman Forum (Foro Romano)
(Latin: Forum Romanum) sometimes known by its original Latin title, is located between the Palatine hill and the Capitoline hill of the city of Rome. It is the central area around which the ancient Roman civilization developed.
The oldest and most important structures of the ancient city are located in the forum, including its ancient former royal residency the Regia and the surrounding complex of the Vestal virgins. The Old Republic had its formal Comitium there where the senate, as well as Republican government began. The forum served as a city square and central hub where the people of Rome gathered for justice, and faith. The forum was also the economic hub of the city and considered to be the center of the Republic and Empire.
Is a building in Rome which was originally built as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt circa 125 CE during Hadrian’s reign. The intended degree of inclusiveness of this dedication is debated. The generic term pantheon is now applied to a monument in which illustrious dead are buried. It is the best preserved of all Roman buildings, and perhaps the best preserved building of its age in the world. It is still a church and masses are still celebrated in the church, particularly on important Catholic days of obligation, and for weddings.
Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)
(Italian: Fontana di Trevi) is the largest – standing 25.9 meters (85 feet) high and 19.8 meters (65 feet) wide – and most ambitious of the Baroque fountains of Rome. It is located in the rione of Trevi. A traditional legend holds that if visitors throw a coin into the fountain, they are ensured a return to Rome.
(Italian: Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti) are a set of steps in Rome, Italy, climbing a steep slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinità dei Monti, dominated by Trinità dei Monti, the church that was under the patronage of the Bourbon kings of France, above. The Scalinata is “without a doubt the longest and widest staircase in all Europe“. In the Piazza at the base is the Early Baroque fountain called La Fontana della Barcaccia (“Fountain of the Old Boat”), built in 1627-29.